Date of Award

Fall 12-14-2011

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Biology

First Advisor

George Pierce

Second Advisor

Sidney Crow

Third Advisor

Eric Gilbert

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that R. rhodochrous DAP 96253 has the ability to delay the ripening of many climacteric fruit, by potentially degrading volatile compounds released by plant cells during the ripening process. Rhodococcus rhodochrous DAP 96253 cells were cultured on YEMEA medium supplemented with inducers, (16mM cobalt and 125mM urea), that over-expressed nitrile hydratase (NHase) and amidase (AMDase) enzymes. Cells were cultured on propylene/ ethylene as sole carbon source to induce alkene monooxygenase (AMO) like activity. Induced R. rhodochrous DAP 96253 cells displayed an 83% increase in final total dry weight compared to cells previously cultured on non-induced medium.

Induced R. rhodochrous DAP 96253 cells displayed a 53-85% increase in NHase activity after exposure to propylene/ethylene, and cells displayed a 24-53% increase in NHase activity after exposure to fruit. Non-induced R. rhodochrous DAP 96253 cells displayed a 1-5% increase in NHase activity after propylene/ethylene, and cells displayed an 18-38% increase in NHase activity after exposure to fruit. Propylene/ethylene induced nitrilase activity in non-induced R. rhodochrous DAP 96253cells.

Experimental results suggest that R. rhodochrous DAP 96253 may use NHase, amidase, nitrilase, and AMO like activity to delay ripening of climacteric fruit. Rhodococcus rhodochrous 96253 cells cultured on propylene/ethylene and cofactors (16mM cobalt and 125mM urea) displayed improved ability to delay ripening of fruit.

Share

COinS