Date of Award

Spring 5-9-2016

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Shahab shamsi

Second Advisor

Gangli Wang

Third Advisor

Peng G. Wang

Abstract

Micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC), one of the major capillary electrophoresis (CE) modes, has been interfaced to mass spectrometry (MS) to provide high sensitivity and selectivity for analysis of chiral compounds. The research in this dissertation presents the development of novel polymeric glucopyranoside based molecular micelles (MoMs) (aka. polymeric surfactants) and their application in chiral MEKC-MS.

Chapter 1 is a review of chiral CE-MS - in the period 2010-2015. In this chapter, the fundamental of chiral CE and CE-MS is illustrated and the recent developments of chiral selectors and their applications in chiral EKC-MS, CEC-MS and MEKC-MS are discussed in details.

Chapter 2 introduces the development of a novel polymeric α-D-glucopyranoside based surfactants, n-alkyl-α-D-glucopyranoside 4,6-hydrogen phosphate, sodium salt. In this chapter, polymeric α-D-glucopyranoside-based surfactants with different chain length and head groups have been successfully synthesized, characterized and applied as compatible chiral selector in MEKC-ESI-MS/MS. or the enantioseparation of ephedrines and β-blockers.

Chapter 3 continues to describe the employment of polymeric glucopyranoside based surfactants as chiral selector in MEKC-MS/MS. The polymeric β-D-glucopyranoside based surfactants, containing charged head groups such as n-alkyl β-D-glucopyranoside 4,6-hydrogen phosphate, sodium salt and n-alkyl β-D-glucopyranoside 6-hydrogen sulfate, monosodium salt were able to enantioseparate 21 cationic drugs and 8 binaphthyl atropisomers (BAIs) in MEKC-MS/MS, which promises to open up the possibility of turning an analytical technique into high throughput screening of chiral compounds. Physicochemical properties and enantioseparation capability of polymeric β-D-glucopyranoside based surfactants with different head groups and chain lengths were compared. Moreover, the comparison of polymeric α- and β-D-glucopyranoside 4,6-hydrogen phosphate, sodium salt were further explored with regard to enantioseparations of ephedrine alkaloids and b-blockers. The concept of multiplex chiral MEKC-MS for high throughput quantitation is demonstrated for the first time in scientific literature.

Share

COinS