Date of Award

8-8-2017

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Alex Zelikovsky

Second Advisor

Robert Harrison

Third Advisor

Pavel Skums

Fourth Advisor

Yurij Ionov

Fifth Advisor

Artem Rogovskyy

Abstract

This thesis is devoted to designing and applying advanced algorithmical and statistical tools for analysis of NGS data related to cancer and infection diseases. NGS data under investigation are obtained either from host samples or viral variants. Recently, random peptide phage display libraries (RPPDL) were applied to studies of host's antibody response to different diseases. We study human antibody response to breast cancer and mouse antibody response to Lyme disease by sequencing of the whole antibody repertoire profiles which are represented by RPPDL. Alternatively, instead of sequencing immune response NGS can be applied directly to a viral population within an infected host. Specifically, we analyze the following RNA viruses: the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Sequencing of RNA viruses is challenging because there are many variants inside population due to high mutation rate.

Our results show that NGS helps to understand RNA viruses and explore their interaction with infected hosts. NGS also helps to analyze immune response to different diseases, trace changing of immune response at different disease stages.

Available for download on Saturday, January 20, 2018

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