Date of Award

Summer 7-13-2010

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Yingshu Li

Abstract

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are deployed widely for various applications. A variety of useful data are generated by these deployments. Since WSNs have limited resources and unreliable communication links, traditional data management techniques are not suitable. Therefore, designing effective data management techniques for WSNs becomes important. In this dissertation, we address three key issues of data management in WSNs. For data collection, a scheme of making some nodes sleep and estimating their values according to the other active nodes’ readings has been proved energy-efficient. For the purpose of improving the precision of estimation, we propose two powerful estimation models, Data Estimation using a Physical Model (DEPM) and Data Estimation using a Statistical Model (DESM). Most of existing data processing approaches of WSNs are real-time. However, historical data of WSNs are also significant for various applications. No previous study has specifically addressed distributed historical data query processing. We propose an Index based Historical Data Query Processing scheme which stores historical data locally and processes queries energy-efficiently by using a distributed index tree. Area query processing is significant for various applications of WSNs. No previous study has specifically addressed this issue. We propose an energy-efficient in-network area query processing scheme. In our scheme, we use an intelligent method (Grid lists) to describe an area, thus reducing the communication cost and dropping useless data as early as possible. With a thorough simulation study, it is shown that our schemes are effective and energy- efficient. Based on the area query processing algorithm, an Intelligent Monitoring System is designed to detect various events and provide real-time and accurate information for escaping, rescuing, and evacuation when a dangerous event happened.

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