Date of Award

Summer 6-14-2012

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Xiaojun Cao

Abstract

The last decade witnessed a wild growth of the Internet traffic, promoted by bandwidth-hungry applications such as Youtube, P2P, and VoIP. This explosive increase is expected to proceed with an annual rate of 34% in the near future, which leads to a huge challenge to the Internet infrastructure. One foremost solution to this problem is advancing the optical networking and switching, by which abundant bandwidth can be provided in an energy-efficient manner. For instance, with Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) technology, each fiber can carry a mass of wavelengths with bandwidth up to 100 Gbits/s or higher. To keep up with the traffic explosion, however, simply scaling the number of fibers and/or wavelengths per fiber results in the scalability issue in WDM networks. One major motivation of this dissertation is to address this issue in WDM networks with the idea of waveband switching (WBS). This work includes the author's study on multiple aspects of waveband switching: how to address dynamic user demand, how to accommodate static user demand, and how to achieve a survivable WBS network. When combined together, the proposed approaches form a framework that enables an efficient WBS-based Internet in the near future or the middle term. As a long-term solution for the Internet backbone, the Spectrum Sliced Elastic Optical Path (SLICE) Networks recently attract significant interests. SLICE aims to provide abundant bandwidth by managing the spectrum resources as orthogonal sub-carriers, a finer granular than wavelengths of WDM networks. Another important component of this dissertation is the author's timely study on this new frontier: particulary, how to efficiency accommodate the user demand in SLICE networks. We refer to the overall study as the resource management in multi-granular optical networks. In WBS networks, the multi-granularity includes the fiber, waveband, and wavelength. While in SLICE networks, the traffic granularity refers to the fiber, and the variety of the demand size (in terms of number of sub-carriers).

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