Date of Award

Fall 1-7-2017

Degree Type

Capstone Project

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Public Health

First Advisor

Dora Il'yasova

Second Advisor

Ike Okosun

Abstract

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2D) is a significant public health problem among populations of African descent around the world. In the United States alone, African descent populations are disproportionally affected by the growing epidemic of T2D and are greatly impacted by T2D-related complications. Over the last decade, there have been major advancements in access to care for minority populations. Despite these advancements, this population has the second highest prevalence of T2D compared to any other minority group. The objective of this literature review is to identify the burden of Diabetes Mellitus in the United States among populations of African descent. Ethnic and racial differences for T2D and T2D- related mortality will also be reviewed, as well as the examination of lifestyle risk factors, complications, and disparities for T2D in populations of African descent in the United States. Lastly, this review will summarize the current state of knowledge and identify areas for potential preventative strategies.

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