Date of Award

Winter 1-30-2015

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Public Health

First Advisor

Bruce Perry

Second Advisor

Sylvia Caley

Third Advisor

Marcus Downs

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To review existing PDMP statutes, and to provide recommendations for good legislative drafting that will create effective statutory components that will enhance the function and increase the use of PDMPs.

METHODS: This policy review was conducted from July 2014 to December 2014, using articles dated January 01, 2004 to July 01, 2014. All PubMed searches were artificially limited to peer reviewed articles that were available as “free full text.” To ensure a comprehensive review of the policies, statutes from all fifty states were surveyed using the legal database, Westlaw Next. The search used terms associated with PDMPs. Each statute was reviewed by title and content to determine applicability to the study. The list of statutes compiled from Westlaw Next was compared with existing publications that survey PDMP statutes. The recommendations are based on the investigator’s experience and training in law and public health in consultation with a legislative expert, and supported by peer reviewed articles and legislative drafting guides.

RESULTS: There are twelve main topical components that are addressed in existing state PDMP statutes. The policy brief’s primary three recommendations are to implement an advisory committee with an outlined membership, impose a duty for the committee to routinely review database information and to report on the findings, mandate practitioners to consult the database prior to administering controlled substances, and enact a PDMP educational component for practitioners. Appendix A of this policy review (attached) provides a full list of the recommendations for effective legislation on all twelve topical components.

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