Date of Award

Spring 5-4-2017

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Nursing

First Advisor

Dr. Katherine Evans

Second Advisor

Dr. Susan Breslin

Third Advisor

Dr. Megan McCrory

Abstract

Diabetes is a chronic, complex illness with a risk for acute and long-term complications. The aim of this quality improvement project on prevention of type 2 diabetes was to increase self-management behaviors in patients at high risk of type 2 diabetes, decrease the financial burden of type 2 diabetes, and decrease the incidence of complications that can occur from type 2 diabetes. The primary outcome of this project was each participant reporting at least one lifestyle modification that would be helpful in preventing type 2 diabetes after attending two group education sessions. A pretest posttest design was used for this project. Three completed the initial questionnaires, and two attended the educational sessions and completed the posttest questionnaires. Of the total number of participants, one reported a decrease in hot/cold cereal, regular soda, sugar or honey in coffee/tea, other potatoes, tomato sauces, chocolate, doughnuts, and cookies, cake, pies, brownies. Two participants reported a decrease in fruit juice, fried potatoes, and pizza. One participant had an increase in physical activity while the other participant had no change in physical activity. The landmark Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) Trial demonstrated that counseling on a healthy diet and moderate physical activity reduced the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The two participants in this project reported they made some helpful changes in diet after two education sessions. It is vital to the success of a prevention program to convey the significance of preventing a chronic disease such as type 2 diabetes

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