Date of Award

Summer 8-10-2021

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


African-American Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Akinyele Umoja

Second Advisor

Dr. Makungu Akinyela

Third Advisor

Dr. Charles E. Jones


This research examines the collaborative relationships the Black Panther Party formed with white radical groups in the United States for the purposes of contributing to allyship theory and praxis and understanding antiracist and radical political consciousness development among whites in response to black political ideology and racialized political events using a historical analysis methodology utilizing a review and content analysis of primary sources including archival records, autobiographies, newspapers, and essays, and secondary sources including Panther anthologies, and Civil Rights Movement and Panther histories. This research argues the Black Panther Party and the diversity of collaborative relationships it formed nationally with organizations such as the Students for a Democratic Society, Peace and Freedom Party, and locally among its branches and chapters such as the Rainbow Coalition for Revolutionary Solidarity in Chicago, Illinois, provides potential insights and models for black-white allyship and broader multi-racial coalition politics in the contemporary Black Freedom Movement.


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