Six years after Brown v. Board of Education, Atlanta reluctantly complied with the order to desegregate its school system rather than risk having schools closed due to noncompliance. Out of 132 students, nine black high school seniors desegregated four of Atlanta's all-white high schools. The purpose of this study is to explore and document the missing voices of Atlanta's 1961 school desegregation movement and provide an analysis of the students' experiences. W. E. B. Du Bois's double consciousness theory serves as a lens for understanding and explaining the experiences of the Atlanta students who were first to desegregate schools in "the city too busy to hate".
Crawford, Tanya and Bohan, Chara H., "The Double Consciousness of African American Students Who Desegregated Atlanta Public Schools" (2019). Educational Policy Studies Faculty Publications. 33.