Date of Award

Summer 8-13-2019

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geosciences

First Advisor

Luke Pangle

Second Advisor

Richard Milligan

Third Advisor

Jeremy Diem

Abstract

High concentrations of impervious surfaces are synonymous with urbanization. A heavy presence of impervious surfaces cause stormwater buildup and excessive runoff. Green roofs are designed to reduce stormwater runoff from roofs and reduce peak outflow. The range of stormwater retention in green roofs is wide, ranging from 40-80%, due to differences in soil depth, vegetation type, and local weather patterns. This study compared two green roofs located in downtown Atlanta, GA, USA, one extensive and one intensive. The extensive roof was found to reach 20% volumetric water capacity, while the intensive reached 25% for the highest capacity event, over a prolonged wetting period. The volume of outflow was higher in an intensive roof due to higher soil volume (23.27 m3) when compared to an extensive roof (10.25m3). A determination of superior retention amongst soil depths was not made due to variable initial soil moisture, with a regularly irrigated extensive roof kept at 10% volumetric capacity for the duration of the study.

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