The Relationship between Subjective Memory and Objective Cognition, Depression, and Anxiety by Dementia Status
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Yong "Tai" Wang - Committee Chair
Elisabeth O. Burgess - Committee Member
Nancy P. Kropf - Committee Member
This secondary data analysis of the Health and Retirement Study – Aging, Demographics, and Memory Study (ADAMS) examines the relationship between subjective cognition and objective performance, depression, and anxiety in cognitive impairment with no dementia (CIND) and dementia. With a cross-sectional design, this study consists of 480 older adults between ages 72-105. Participants completed the Mini-Mental State Examination. The Wechsler Memory Scale- Revised Logical Memory I/II measured memory. Anxiety and depression were measured by the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Subjective memory was measured by the HRS Self-report Memory and Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly. Independent t-tests and Pearson correlation analysis were employed to determine differences between the dementia and non-dementia groups. Results demonstrated that the CIND group had significantly better general cognition; more severe cognitive/memory problems in the dementia group showed weaker relationships between general cognition and memory performance; anxiety/depression were weakly related in CIND and moderately related in dementia.
Reed, Nia MaLika, "The Relationship between Subjective Memory and Objective Cognition, Depression, and Anxiety by Dementia Status." Thesis, Georgia State University, 2010.