Examining the validity and reliability of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale-6 (ABC-6) in a diverse group of older adults
Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Dr. Rebecca Ellis
Dr. Elisabeth Burgess
Dr. Yong Tai Wang
Losing confidence in the ability to maintain balance can be more debilitating than a fall. Therefore, considering the importance of measuring balance confidence, the purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the ABC-6, a shortened version of the ABC-16, among diverse older adults. Participants were 251 diverse (72.1% African Americans, 62.5% low-income, 61% low-education) older adults (M age = 71.2 years, SD = 8.9). Participants volunteered for a falls risk screening which assessed multiple falls risk factors and balance confidence. The ABC-6 had excellent internal consistency reliability, substantial intraclass correlations, significant moderate to large correlations with physical activity, mobility, balance, and total falls risk, the ability to discriminate between fallers and nonfallers, and it was the only significant predictor of total falls risk. The ABC-6 was a valid and reliable measure of balance confidence and is a suitable measure for use among diverse older adults.
Skipper, Antonius D., "Examining the validity and reliability of the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale-6 (ABC-6) in a diverse group of older adults." Thesis, Georgia State University, 2012.