Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

John McMillian

Second Advisor

Ian C. Fletcher


This thesis discusses how local churches and church groups shaped Atlanta’s hippie community during the late-1960s through the early-1970s. The Atlanta Friends Meeting participated in protests and draft counseling, which resonated with the city’s hippies, who in turn influenced some Quakers to adopt hippie dress and to create communal homes. Meanwhile, Harcourt “Harky” Klinefelter formed the Ministry to the Street People, which provided aid to the city’s youth who fell victim to the negative side effects of the Sixties counterculture. In working with the city’s youth, Klinefelter bore witness to the unsanitary conditions of the city’s jail, causing him to lead efforts to have it cleaned. Lastly, a coffeehouse operated by a Methodist minister is detailed that held weekly church services and organized social projects. These projects included employment services, art scholarships, and a free clinic. Together, these individuals and their institutions distinguished Atlanta’s counterculture from those in other cities.

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