We study if urban class segregation destroys social capital in Latin America using experimental data that are representative for six Latin American cities. In particular, we focus on whether belonging to upper class neighborhoods impacts reciprocity in a standard trust game. While our overall results confirm a negative association between these two variables, we also find that trusting behavior can help counteract the negative impact of class.
Beltrán, Arlette; Chong, Alberto; and Montoya, Mariano, "Neighborhoods, Social Class, and Reciprocity: Evidence Using Representative Artefactual Data from Latin America" (2019). ICEPP Working Papers. 142.