Title

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevention Education on Knowledge and Condom Use among African American Males in Clayton County, GA

Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2018

Degree Type

Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Nursing

First Advisor

Kimberly Hires

Second Advisor

Sarvotham Kini

Abstract

Purpose: Georgia remains fourth in the nation for new HIV cases. Young African American adults are responsible for 49% of the new cases in Georgia. The purpose of this project was to explore the effectiveness of a nurse led HIV prevention education program on increasing knowledge of HIV prevention and increasing the frequency of condom use among males between the ages of 18-30 years old in Clayton County, Georgia.

Methods: This educational intervention was implemented in a primary care clinic. Data on knowledge and condom use as well as sexual health, sexual behavior, sexual communication, and perceptions of risk for HIV infection was collected.  Content from the CDC designated effective program, NIA, a small group-level intervention was used. A twenty-one item pretest was administered to participants. CDC approved fact sheets and electronic quizzes were also administered.

Results: Thirty African American male participants were recruited. The mean age of each participant was 24 year old. Most participants reported completing at least one year of college. The project had a 50% response rate. Approximately 26% of African American men believed the highest form of HIV transmission came from saliva and 28% believed blood was the second highest form of HIV trans- mission. Participants believed feces, mucus and sweat were among the lowest forms of HIV transmission in this cohort. All participants believed condom use prevented transmission of HIV to partners.

Conclusion: For the advanced practice nurse, incorporating HIV prevention education into routine visits, may facilitate HIV prevention behaviors in patients.

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