Date of Award
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Lisa Cranwell-Bruce, DNP, RN, FNPC, APRN
Sandra Leonard, DNP, RN, FNP-BC
Title: Identifying vaccine-hesitant caregivers of children age 0-5 years using the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) Survey
Purpose: Vaccine hesitancy is the refusal, delay, or modification of the recommended vaccine schedule. This project aimed to identify and explore caregiver vaccine hesitancy of parents with children age 0-5 years.
Methods: The Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) survey was used to identify vaccine-hesitant caregivers of children age 0-5 years. Once identified a brief educational session was conducted one-one with the investigator, this session included verbal as well as written educational intervention. The survey was repeated via telephone within 4-6 weeks.
Results: Seventy-five caregivers participated in the study, 11 of which were identified as vaccine-hesitant. Among respondents, 58% were white/Caucasian, and 27% were black/African American. Upon completion of a brief educational session using vaccine teaching tools, four caregivers remained vaccine-hesitant. The rate of vaccine hesitancy within the study population was approximately 15%, with little variation between levels of hesitancy when comparing mothers and fathers. There was a statistically significant correlation between vaccine hesitancy and race.
Conclusions: Open dialogue coupled with educational handouts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) can be effective in reducing the level of hesitancy as measured by the PACV survey.
Buchanan, Stacy, "Identifying vaccine-hesitant caregivers of children age 0-5 years using the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) Survey." , Georgia State University, 2018.