Date of Award

Summer 7-6-2011

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor

Dr. W. David Wilson

Abstract

Diamidines are small molecules that generally possess antiparasitic properties and bind preferentially to the minor groove of AT rich DNA. With the goal of getting a better understanding of the thermodynamic driving forces and binding affinities, a series of pentamidine analogs were investigated with various AT rich DNA by ITC, UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopic methods. Findings suggest that the substitution of the linker oxygen of pentamidine to a nitrogen slightly improves the binding affinity. All of the investigated compounds are entropically driven at 25 oC with non-alternating AT DNA. Additionally, the increased fluorescence of the nitrogen and sulfur linked analogs will enable future work to be done with fluorescence microscopy to help determine if and where these compounds accumulate in the target organism.

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