Date of Award

11-10-2009

Degree Type

Closed Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Public Health

First Advisor

Richard Rothenberg - Chair

Second Advisor

Francis McCarty

Third Advisor

Ike Okosun

Abstract

The reduction in HIV prevalence in Ghana has been attributed to the increased awareness about the disease which has significantly caused changes in behavior to reduce the people’s risk of HIV infection. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of some selected demographics variables on HIV-related knowledge, attitude and behavior and also to examine the effect of HIV related knowledge, attitude and behavior on HIV serostatus in Ghana. Using data from Demographic Health Survey on Ghana for 2003, binary and multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted. The results indicated that increasing educational level, increasing wealth and residing in the urban areas were all significantly associated with high HIV knowledge, positive attitude and the practice of less risky sexual behavior. The results also showed that HIV negative individuals were more likely to have higher HIV knowledge, have negative attitude towards people living with HIV and to practice less risky sexual behaviors though none of these was statistically significant.

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