Date of Award

Summer 8-7-2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)

Department

Public Health

First Advisor

Dr. Richard Rothenberg

Second Advisor

Deborah Lee, MPH

Abstract

Background: Historically, most refugees have originated from countries with high rates of infectious diseases. However, non-communicable diseases are becoming increasingly more common in refugee populations resettling in the United States.

Purpose: Examine the prevalence of selected chronic conditions among newly arriving adult Cuban refugees and compare the results to the prevalence of the same chronic conditions among the other top five incoming refugee populations: Burmese, Bhutanese, Iranians, Iraqis, and Somalis

Methods: Data used in this study were derived from the Department of State’s Medical History and Physical Examination Worksheet and included all adult (≥20 years) Cuban, Burmese, Bhutanese, Iranian, Iraqi, and Somali refugees identified through the Center’s for Disease Control and Prevention Electronic Disease Notification Center, and who entered the United States during October 2008-September 2011. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0. Descriptive statistics, chi-square analysis, and logistic regressions were performed to assess the prevalence of chronic conditions, check for associations between country of origin and outcome of interest, and to estimate the relative risk for Cubans compared to the remaining top five incoming refugee populations.

Results: A total of 99,920 adults were included in the study. The largest population was Iraqi (27.6%), followed by Bhutanese (26.2%), Burmese (24.4%), Iranian (8.6%), Cuban (7.9%), and Somali (5.3%). All outcomes of interest were significantly associated with country of origin. Cubans were at a greater risk for asthma but were not the greatest at-risk population for the remaining outcomes of interest.

Conclusion: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases was higher among the incoming refuges than has been traditionally assumed. These findings point to the need for a better understanding of the health status of refugee populations and the development of culturally appropriate health programs that include education on prevention and treatment of chronic conditions.

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