Date of Award

Summer 8-12-2016

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Philosophy

First Advisor

Daniel Weiskopf

Second Advisor

Andrea Scarantino

Third Advisor

Neil Van Leeuwen

Abstract

Dual process theorists posit the existence of two distinct types (type-1/type-2) of cognitive processing in order to explain domains of higher cognition such as reasoning and decision-making. Such theories typically allude to co-varying clusters of properties (i.e. a dual-cluster thesis) as well as an underlying mechanism or system for each processing type (i.e. a dual systems thesis). I will argue that a host of empirical findings cast doubt upon the validity of both theses, and that simpler models of higher cognition—that do not appeal to types of processing—might be preferable.

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