Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


African-American Studies

First Advisor

Akinyele Umoja

Second Advisor

Eric Bridges

Third Advisor

Sarita Davis


Since the onset of colonization, Afrikan people have been forever changed. This change has been observed by thinkers like W. E. B. Du Bois, Frantz Fanon, and others. The nature of oppression is to press someone down to a lower status. This pressing alters the consciousness of the person. The purpose of this study is to first reflect on how oppression has affected oppressed Afrikan people. Then, explore how oppressed Afrikan people can resist oppression. Finally, investigate how the consciousness of an oppressed Afrikan person is changed after converting from an Abrahamic belief system to an Indigenous Afrikan Spirituality and/or worldview. At the meeting of two opposing consciousnesses, what can be born? After interviewing three descendants of enslaved Afrikans using a narrative qualitative methodology, I discovered that people’s relationship to nature, the broader Afrikan community, and themselves changes after integrating Indigenous Afrikan Spiritual ideals into their being. I uphold that this can be used to construct new paradigms of humanity to bring about a Sankofa Revolution for the liberation of the Afrikan World.


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