Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Fine Arts (MFA)


Art and Design

First Advisor

Stewart Ziff

Second Advisor

John Decker

Third Advisor

Jill Frank


This Thesis explores the historical foundations and contemporary context of the photographic series titled Axis. Within Axis are vestiges of traditional Pictorial photography endowed with theories of minimalism and expressionism, which invites the audience to expand its insight from what it can see, to what it can understand, both visually and mentally. I will discuss how these influences have changed traditional pictorialism and will focus this series’ trajectory. In examining the works of Axis, the theory, its active practice, and principle of this series become clear. This practice, vested with craft mastery, allegorical study, and symbolism, calls to question photography’s long-standing fine art status and contemporary photographic trends.