Date of Award

8-7-2018

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Zhipeng Cai

Second Advisor

Yingshu Li

Third Advisor

Wei Li

Fourth Advisor

Guantao Chen

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed increasing interest among researchers in protecting individual privacy in the big data era, involving social media, genomics, and Internet of Things. Recent studies have revealed numerous privacy threats and privacy protection methodologies, that vary across a broad range of applications. To date, however, there exists no powerful methodologies in addressing challenges from: high-dimension data, high-correlation data and powerful attackers.

In this dissertation, two critical problems will be investigated: the prospects and some challenges for elucidating the attack capabilities of attackers in mining individuals’ private information; and methodologies that can be used to protect against such inference attacks, while guaranteeing significant data utility.

First, this dissertation has proposed a series of works regarding inference attacks laying emphasis on protecting against powerful adversaries with auxiliary information. In the context of genomic data, data dimensions and computation feasibility is highly challenging in conducting data analysis. This dissertation proved that the proposed attack can effectively infer the values of the unknown SNPs and traits in linear complexity, which dramatically improve the computation cost compared with traditional methods with exponential computation cost.

Second, putting differential privacy guarantee into high-dimension and high-correlation data remains a challenging problem, due to high-sensitivity, output scalability and signal-to-noise ratio. Consider there are tens-of-millions of genomes in a human DNA, it is infeasible for traditional methods to introduce noise to sanitize genomic data. This dissertation has proposed a series of works and demonstrated that the proposed differentially private method satisfies differential privacy; moreover, data utility is improved compared with the states of the arts by largely lowering data sensitivity.

Third, putting privacy guarantee into social data publishing remains a challenging problem, due to tradeoff requirements between data privacy and utility. This dissertation has proposed a series of works and demonstrated that the proposed methods can effectively realize privacy-utility tradeoff in data publishing.

Finally, two future research topics are proposed. The first topic is about Privacy Preserving Data Collection and Processing for Internet of Things. The second topic is to study Privacy Preserving Big Data Aggregation. They are motivated by the newly proposed data mining, artificial intelligence and cybersecurity methods.

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