Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2948-3555

Date of Award

Summer 8-10-2021

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Computer Science

First Advisor

Wei Li

Second Advisor

Zhipeng Cai

Abstract

Blockchain has seen exponential progress over the past few years, and today its usage extends well beyond cryptocurrencies. Its features, including openness, transparency, secure communication, difficult falsification, and multi-consensus, have made it one of the most valuable technology in the world. In most open blockchain platforms, any node can access the data on the blockchain, which leads to a potential risk of personal information leakage. So the issue of blockchain privacy and security is particularly prominent and has become an important research topic in the field of blockchain.

This dissertation mainly summarizes my research on blockchain privacy and security protection issues throughout recent years. We first summarize the security and privacy vulnerabilities in the mining pools of traditional bitcoin networks and some possible protection measures. We then propose a new type of attack: coin hopping attack, in the case of multiple blockchains under an IoT environment. This attack is only feasible in blockchain-based IoT scenarios, and can significantly reduce the operational efficiency of the entire blockchain network in the long run. We demonstrate the feasibility of this attack by theoretical analysis of four different attack models and propose two possible solutions. We also propose an innovative hybrid blockchain crowdsourcing platform solution to settle the performance bottlenecks and various challenges caused by privacy, scalability, and verification efficiency problems of current blockchain-based crowdsourcing systems. We offer flexible task-based permission control and a zero-knowledge proof mechanism in the implementation of smart contracts to flexibly obtain different levels of privacy protection. By performing several tests on Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric, EoS.io blockchains, the performance of the proposed platform consensus under different transaction volumes is verified.

At last, we also propose further investigation on the topics of the privacy issues when combining AI with blockchain and propose some defense strategies.

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