Date of Award

Spring 5-11-2013

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Public Health (MPH)


Public Health

First Advisor

Dr Lisa Casanova

Second Advisor

Ms Meenu Anand



BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common type of on cancer in women in both developed and developing countries. Breast cancer is the number one cause of death in women globally. Coffee is the world’s leading consumed beverage after water. As the world’s most widely consumed beverages, the association between coffee, its health benefits and risks are unclear. Hundreds of papers relating to the consumption of coffee and cancers have been published to this date. However, there is no up-to-date systematic review on the consumption of coffee and breast cancer. To address this gap in the literature, this review summarized the findings of papers on the relationship between consumption of coffee and the risk of breast cancer.

OBJECTIVES: This review examines all the literature on the consumption of coffee and the relationship with breast cancer and provides an up to date review on all published material in scientific journals.

METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PUBMED, EBSCO and MEDLINE databases using key word searches breast cancer, neoplasm and coffee. No restrictions were placed on study date and design of publication. The abstracts were examined, and any abstract that had male participants, alcohol, other countries and seven day adventist lifestyles were excluded from the review. Full text of articles for all remaining articles were retrieved. Six articles were retrieved in full text and all relevant information was placed in a standard data extraction form.

MAIN RESULTS: Six articles met all the criteria and were in included in the review. All except one study found no association between coffee consumption and breast cancer; however, the one study found no relationship between coffee consumption and breast cancer in postmenopausal women and a protective effect on premenopausal women.

CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review showed that there is no relationship between coffee consumption and breast cancer in Women in the United States.