Date of Award
Master of Public Health (MPH)
Amanda Gilmore, PhD
Terri Pigott, PhD
Shannon Self-Brown, PhD
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault (SA) victimization affects thousands of service members in the military each year and identifying risk factors of SA is essential to inform prevention efforts.
AIM: To synthesize literature on SA within the military to determine risk factors of SA incidence.
METHODS: Risk factors from 6 epidemiological studies were compared via meta-analysis using R. Odds ratios and tests of heterogeneity were calculated to illustrate the collective odds of SA given each risk factor across the studies and to show variability. Odds ratios were calculated separately for risk factors only mentioned in one study.
RESULTS: Women (OR =16.37), persons reporting sexual harassment during service (OR = 14.54), persons with a SA history (OR = 3.99), enlisted rank (OR = 2.47), non-married persons (OR = 2) and persons with no college experience were at greater risk of SA (OR = 1.32). Being White was found to be a protective factor (OR = 0.76). Our descriptive analysis found that experiencing stalking (OR = 11.84), being a sexual minority (OR = 2.15) or transgender increased the risk of SA (OR = 1.91). However, transgender womxn were at lower risk of SA than transgender mxn (OR = 0.42).
DISCUSSION: It may be useful to develop tailored prevention programs for those identified as at risk according to our findings. Further, more needs to be done to address the environmental and cultural factors specific to the military that perpetuate SA incidence.
Hebrank, Katherine; Fortson, Beverly; Pigott, Terri; DiPetrillo, Brooke; Self-Brown, Shannon; and Gilmore, Amanda, "Risk Factors of Sexual Assault Victimization within the U.S. Military." Thesis, Georgia State University, 2022.
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