Date of Award

5-3-2007

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mathematics and Statistics

First Advisor

Dr. Frank J. Hall - Chair

Abstract

A sign pattern(matrix) is a matrix whose entries are from the set {+,-,0}. An n x n sign pattern matrix is a spectrally arbitrary pattern(SAP) if for every monic real polynomial p(x) of degree n, there exists a real matrix B whose entries agree in sign with A such that the characteristic polynomial of B is p(x). An n x n pattern A is an inertialy arbitrary pattern(IAP) if (r,s,t) belongs to the inertia set of A for every nonnegative triple (r,s,t) with r+s+t=n. Some elementary results on these two classes of patterns are first exhibited. Tree sign patterns are then investigated, with a special emphasis on 4 x 4 tridiagonal sign patterns. Connections between the SAP(IAP) classes and the classes of potentially nilpotent and potentially stable patterns are explored. Some interesting open questions are also provided.

Included in

Mathematics Commons

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