Date of Award

Fall 10-27-2021

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Respiratory Therapy

First Advisor

Douglas S. Gardenhire

Second Advisor

Rachel Culbreth

Third Advisor

Shi Huh Samuel Shan

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Burnout (BO) is the consequence of chronic work-related stress exposure and is a common syndrome noticed in healthcare providers. Three dimensions typify BO syndrome: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP), and low personal accomplishment (PA). Burnout impacts healthcare workers' performance and efficiency, and therefore on the quality of care provided. Despite the growing research work regarding BO syndrome among healthcare providers, Respiratory Therapists' (RTs) BO has not previously been examined. Therefore, it is essential to determine Respiratory Therapists' BO in Saudi Arabia to address the need for developing BO prevention strategies and wellness programs for RTs. PURPOSE: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of BO among RTs in Saudi Arabia and examine the association between BO and sociodemographic data and professional satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving a convenience sample of RTs in Saudi Arabia was conducted utilizing the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in addition to questions regarding sociodemographic information and professional satisfaction. RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-six RTs (N=236) were surveyed in this study. The majority of the respondents were male n=130 (55.1%), single n=140 (59.3%), and lived in the central region n=136 (57.6%). The age of the participating RTs in the study ranged from 20 to 58 years, with an average of 28.5 years (SD±5.08). The results showed that RTs had a high level of EE with a mean of 31.97, a moderate level for DP with a mean of 11.39, and a moderate level for lack of PA with a mean of 33.58. Age, gender, the role of the RTs, hours of work, and shift schedule of the participants were associated with BO. The workload was the most work factor among RTs associated with BO. Professional satisfaction of work-life balance, the current job, and monthly income were related to the burnout levels across the three subscales. CONCLUSION: This study was the first to explore BO by MBI and related factors among RTs in Saudi Arabia. Burnout seemed to be a common problem among RTs in Saudi Arabia and was associated with sociodemographic information and professional satisfaction. The findings may help to develop effective intervention strategies to limit and prevent BO. More prospective studies are required with a larger number of participants of RTs.

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