Author ORCID Identifier


Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Deirdre Oakley

Second Advisor

Amy Spring

Third Advisor

Tanya Washington


In 1972 U.S. State and Federal Prisons reported approximately 200,000 individuals in custody. Less than a decade later, rates skyrocketed to 315,974 people under carceral control. Broadly, researchers examine the consequences of the War on Drugs on incarceration, collateral impacts on family, post-incarceration, and state actors working in carceral facilities. Fewer studies investigate policies existing within carceral facilities. At present, no research examines rules and regulations impacting Black Trans and Gender Non-Conforming (TGNC) folx. This research addresses that gap. Findings suggest carceral facilities control sexuality by reinforcing compulsory heterosexuality resulting in adverse impacts on Black TGNC folx. I contend due to disproportionate numbers of Black and Brown bodies in carceral facilities, a “racialized carceral de-sexualism” for Black TGNC folx is constructed and reinforced by the state. Ultimately, my hope is this research influences much-needed mass incarceration policy reform and illustrates the increasing need for conversations about prison abolition within academia.


File Upload Confirmation


Available for download on Sunday, June 01, 2025