Date of Award


Degree Type

Closed Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Erin Ruel

Second Advisor

Charles Jaret

Third Advisor

Jung Ha Kim


Food security is necessary for an active, healthy life, yet 14.0% of the nation’s households reported insecurity in 2014. Certain segments of the population which contain high proportions of noncitizens have greater than average rates of food insecurity. The rules of eligibility for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) render some noncitizens ineligible possibly contributing to these high rates. Data in the Food Security Supplement of the December 2014 Current Population Survey show the rates of food insecurity differ among households of different citizenship status. When compared to households composed entirely of U.S. born citizens, households composed entirely of noncitizens and households including at least one citizen born in U.S. territories are more food insecure. Households composed entirely of naturalized citizens are less food insecure than the U.S. born. Length of residence of the foreign born was not found to be significant.