Unai Pascual, Basque Centre for Climate ChangeFollow
Patricia Balvanera, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Christopher B. Anderson, Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego
Rebecca Chaplin-Kramer, World Wildlife Fund
Michael Christie, Aberystwyth University
David Gonzalez Jimenez, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Adrian Martin, University of East Anglia
Christopher Raymond, University of Helsinki
Mette Termansen, University of Copenhagen
Arild Vatn, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Simone Athayde, Florida International University
Brigitte Baptiste, University of EAN
David N. Barton, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
Sander Jacobs, Research Institute for Nature and Forest INBO
Eszter Kelemen, ESSRG Nonprofit Kft.
Ritesh Kumar, Wetlands International South Asia
Elena Lazos, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Tuyeni H. Mwampamba, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Barbara Nakangu, World Wildlife Fund for Nature
Patrick O’Farrell, University of the Western Cape
Suneetha M. Subramanian, United Nations University
Meine van Noordwijk, International Centre for Forestry Research and World Agroforestry
SoEun Ahn, Korea Environment Institute
Sacha Amaruzaman, International Centre for Forestry Research and World Agroforestry
Ariane M. Amin, Université Felix Houphouët-Boigny
Paola Arias-Arévalo, Universidad del Valle - Colombia
Gabriela Arroyo-Robles, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Mariana Cantú-Fernández, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Antonio J. Castro, Universidad de Almería
Victoria Contreras, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Alta De Vos, Rhodes University
Nicolas Dendoncker Dendoncker, University of Namur
Stefanie Engel, Osnabrück University
Uta Eser, Office for Environmental Ethics, Tübingen, Germany
Daniel P. Faith, The University of Sydney
Anna Filyushkina, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Houda Ghazi, OCP Foundation
Erik Gómez-Baggethun, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Rachelle K. Gould, University of Vermont
Louise Guibrunet, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Haripriya Gundimeda, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
Thomas Hahn, Stockholm University
Zuzana V. Harmáčková, Stockholm University
Marcello Hernández-Blanco
Andra-Ioana Horcea-Milcu, University of Kassel
Natalia Lutti Hummel Wicher, Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo da Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Cem İskender Aydın, Boğaziçi University
Mine Islar, Lund University
Ann-Kathrin Koessler, University of Namur
Jasper O. Kenter, Aberystwyth University
Marina Kosmus, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GIZ
Heera Lee, Konkuk University
Beria Leimona, International Centre for Forestry Research and World Agroforestry
Sharachchandra Lele, Centre for Environment & Development, ATREE, Bengaluru, India
Dominic Lenzi, University of Twente, Netherlands
Bosco Lliso, Scientific Campus of the University of the Basque Country
Lelani Mannetti, Georgia State UniversityFollow
Juliana Merçon, Universidad Veracruzana
Ana Sofía Monroy-Sais, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Nibedita Mukherjee, Brunel University
Barbara Muraca, University of Oregon
Roldan Muradian, Universidade Federal Fluminense
Ranjini Murali, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin
Sara H. Nelson, University of British Columbia
Gabriel R. Nemogá-Soto, University of Winnipeg
Jonas Ngouhouo-Poufoun, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
Aidin Niamir, Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Institute
Emmanuel Nuesiri, African Leadership College
Tobias O. Nyumba, University of York
Begüm Özkaynak, Boğaziçi University
Ignacio Palomo, University of Grenoble Alpes
Ram Pandit, University of Western Australia
Agnieszka Pawłowska-Mainville, University of Northern British Columbia
Luciana Porter-Bolland, Instituto de Ecología
Martin Quaas, German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
Julian Rode, Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ)
Ricardo Rozzi, Universidad de Magallanes
Sonya Sachdeva, US Forest Service
Aibek Samakov, Aigine Cultural Research Center
Marije Schaafsma, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Nadia Sitas Sitas, Stellenbosch University
Paula Ungar, The Field Museum of Natural History
Evonne Yiu, Ernst & Young ShinNihon LLC
Yuki Yoshida, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Japan
Eglee Zent, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas

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Twenty-five years since foundational publications on valuing ecosystem services for human well-being addressing the global biodiversity crisis still implies confronting barriers to incorporating nature’s diverse values into decision-making. These barriers include powerful interests supported by current norms and legal rules such as property rights, which determine whose values and which values of nature are acted on. A better understanding of how and why nature is (under)valued is more urgent than ever. Notwithstanding agreements to incorporate nature’s values into actions, including the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) and the UN Sustainable Development Goals, predominant environmental and development policies still prioritize a subset of values, particularly those linked to markets, and ignore other ways people relate to and benefit from nature. Arguably, a ‘values crisis’ underpins the intertwined crises of biodiversity loss and climate change, pandemic emergence and socio-environmental injustices. On the basis of more than 50,000 scientific publications, policy documents and Indigenous and local knowledge sources, the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) assessed knowledge on nature’s diverse values and valuation methods to gain insights into their role in policymaking and fuller integration into decisions. Applying this evidence, combinations of values-centred approaches are proposed to improve valuation and address barriers to uptake, ultimately leveraging transformative changes towards more just (that is, fair treatment of people and nature, including inter- and intragenerational equity) and sustainable futures.


Published in Pascual, U., Balvanera, P., Anderson, C.B. et al. Diverse values of nature for sustainability. Nature 620, 813–823 (2023).


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.