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Vocational choice appears to crystallize during adolescence and one’s career aspirations begin to take shape later. Over 40 years ago Holland studied incoming freshman to match vocational aspirations to vocational preference profiles. Individuals seeking to become foreign language teachers were assigned a Social, Artistic, Enterprising vocational code. However, longitudinal studies were not conducted to verify if these people ever entered the teaching profession. The present study sought to determine a Holland code for inservice foreign language educators. Data analysis confirms a stable Holland profile and his earlier findings as well as highlighting interesting differences among world language educators. This study holds implications for school counselors and recruiters of prospective language teachers during a time of critical shortage.


This is an Author Accepted Manuscript version of

Swanson, P. (2008). The RIASEC Profile of Foreign Language Teachers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72(1), 25-30.

The final version of this paper is available at 10.1016/j.jvb.2007.10.012