Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Lawrence P. Riso - Chair

Second Advisor

Lindsey L. Cohen

Third Advisor

Page Anderson


Our conceptualization and empirical understanding of the course of depression is beginning to change. This is largely a result of recent epidemiological and clinical data that suggest depression has a chronic course for many individuals. Treatment studies for chronic depression have found that response rates are consistently less robust than in studies of acute, episodic depression. As is such, investigators have begun to examine factors that impede treatment response among these patients. One such factor is the presence of comorbid Axis-II personality disorders. This study examined the moderating effects of Depressive Personality Disorder (DPD) on treatment outcome among 680 outpatients with chronic depression. Results suggest that DPD did not serve as a prognostic indicator of worse outcome after 12 weeks of treatment or at last observation carried forward. This was a secondary analysis of the data presented by Keller and colleagues (Keller, McCullough, Klein, Arnow, Dunner, & Gelenberg, 2000).


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