Date of Award

Fall 11-29-2011

Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Gabor Patonay


In part A, the effect of varying short-chain alkyl substitution on the spectroscopic properties of cyanine dyes was examined. Molar absorptivities and quantum yields were determined for groups of pentamethine and heptamethine dyes for which the substitution of the indole nitrogen was varied. For both sets of dyes, increasing alkyl chain length did not significantly change quantum yield or molar absorptivity. These results may be useful in designing new cyanine dyes.

In part B, the effect of structure on the suitability of 2,4,6-trisubstituted pyridines as color pH indicators was studied by determining spectral effects of protonation, molar absorptivities, pKa values, and the structural origin of the spectral behavior. Good color indicating properties result from aniline substitution at the 4 position of pyridine and electron donating substitution at the 2 and 6 positions of pyridine, which provide a strong red shift in the spectra and greater red shifted peak absorptivity, respectively.