Document Type


Publication Date



This article presents an integrated systematic review of scholarship related to preparing preservice teachers (PSTs) to teach multilingual learners in U.S. schools. We drew from cultural-historical activity theory to investigate how teacher educators who focus on preparing PSTs to work with multilingual students attended to the linguistically responsive teaching (LRT) framework. We identified three distinct activity systems, each linked to specific LRT dimensions. The ways in which the components of each activity system integrated LRT have implications for both theory and practice. Specifically, our findings highlight the need for program-wide coherence in teacher preparation and for comparative analysis examining teacher education across diverse policy contexts.


Author accepted manuscript version of an article published by Sage in

Solano-Campos, A., Hopkins, M., & Quaynor, L. (2020). Linguistically Responsive Teaching in pre-service teacher education: A review of the literature through the lens of cultural-historical activity theory. Journal of Teacher Education, 1-15.