Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Louis-Alexandre Berg

Second Advisor

Dr. Charles Hankla

Third Advisor

Dr. Syed Naim


The Council on Foreign Relations reports that between 2011 and 2023, Boko Haram was responsible for the deaths of more than 66,000 Nigerians. More than half of their deaths occurred in Borno. Periods of sustained conflict exacerbate existing and create new issues; for example, millions of children and pregnant women have suffered from malnutrition within the last ten years. More than 2.18 million Nigerians have been displaced to Northern Nigeria due to climate issues in the Lake Chad Basin and Boko Haram’s violence in the region. Mass displacement in fragile states leads to food insecurity because it disrupts the supply chain. Once a state becomes embroiled in conflict, it disrupts agricultural and market norms, which can be felt by the population on different levels: host and displaced population. The empirical findings suggest that IDPs and returnees are more food insecure than hosts after observing a variety of commodities and looking across a number of local government areas in Borno. The qualitative reports build detailed descriptions of the internally displaced persons (IDPs) lives living in government-controlled camps and government policies.


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